Some novice mothers often confide to me: "I hate to be labeled as'postpartum depression'. I don't have a'depression'. When I encounter changes or challenges, I will have some depression, this is very common."
Many mothers resist the label of depression, but we need to view "depression" with a normal mind. Normally, we should be honest about the problem, accept the problem, find a way to solve the problem, and open the heart.
What to do if severe depression occurs after childbirth?
70%-80% of new mothers will experience depression after delivery. 2-3 days after the baby is born or even before delivery, they begin to feel depression, anxiety, and upset and may wonder whether they can take care of their baby. This situation is very common, even without treatment, most of the manifestations of postpartum depression can disappear within a few hours or one or two weeks.
However, there are also some women who have more serious postpartum depression due to physical and psychological factors. Physiological factors are endocrine changes. Women increase in estrogen during pregnancy, and the rapid decline in estrogen after the child is born leads to some reactions.
Psychological factors include being too worried about the child, unable to cope with the busy life after childbirth, dissatisfied with the body after childbirth, and unable to accept changes in their roles. The causes of postpartum depression are often not single, including physical hormone changes, biochemical, environmental, psychological, and genetic factors.
Postpartum depression usually occurs within 4 weeks postpartum. Symptoms that may appear include:
(1) Depressed but sensitive
(2) Crying often
(3) Often angry
(4) Anxiety and worry
(5) problems with memory and reasoning
(6) Lack of interest or pleasure in most activities
(7) Constantly showing negative emotions, including sadness, helplessness or guilt
(8) Changes in appetite or eating habits
(11) Recurring thoughts of death
For postpartum depression, psychological counseling is very important。Enhance the self-confidence of the parturient through psychological counseling, care about the parturient, try to adjust the various relationships between family members, and guide them to develop good sleep habits. Approximately 70% of people with postpartum depression are cured within one year, and only a very small number of people last for more than one year.
For those who are severely depressed, especially those with severe insomnia, you can consult a postpartum obstetrician and psychiatrist for diagnosis and treatment. Women who decide to try medication should take medication safely under the correct guidance of a doctor.
To reduce anxiety, don't be scared by the problem, and then use some methods to help yourself relax.
(1) Minimize excessive attention to the body, divert attention, chat more with family and friends, and talk about some relaxing topics.
(2) After maternity leave, return to your original job position as much as possible. Returning to the workplace can strengthen communication with others, help distract energy, and avoid over-focusing on one thing.
(3) Participate in safe and suitable outdoor activities, such as strolling, fast-walking, etc., breathing natural air, sunbathe, etc.