Prevent Postpartum urinary retention after vaginal delivery

2022-02-15 Read:

1. Keep your mind relaxed

Especially for new mothers who have episiotomy, don’t be afraid of the pain. Family members should encourage comfort and try to urinate frequently. New mothers should not lie in bed all the time, because lying in bed is especially easy to reduce the sensitivity of urination. 6-8 hours to sit up. New mothers who have had a cesarean section can sit up 24 hours after surgery.

2. Drink plenty of water and take measures

After giving birth, mothers should drink as much water as possible. When urinating, it is best to take a sitting position, and do not deliberately change the position because of discomfort after childbirth. You can also open the water pipe and listen to the sound of running water when the mother is urinating, which has a psychological effect of hinting, and uses the conditioned reflex to relieve the urination inhibition, which also helps the mother to eliminate urination. For these situations, it is recommended to sit more and sleep less. Get out of bed.

3. Hot compress

Putting a hot water bottle on the abdomen and bladder can promote bladder contraction and urination, or a simple massage can be performed before urination. After urinating, you can also use the palm of your hand to push down from the bottom of the bladder to reduce residual urine in the bladder.

4. Do pelvic floor muscle training

Independent and effective pelvic floor muscle training can enhance the muscle strength of the pelvic floor muscles, improve the contractility of the urethral sphincter, and promote the recovery of bladder function. The general method of pelvic floor training in the puerperium is to do anal contractions: postpartum mothers inhale and contract the anus for 5 to 10 seconds, then exhale and relax the anus, repeat the above actions 20 to 30 times, 3 to 5 groups a day.

5. Low-frequency electrical stimulation

The low-frequency current stimulates the detrusor contraction of the bladder, improves the sensitivity of postpartum bladder filling, and stimulates the bladder innervation nerves such as the sacral nerve, reflexively enhances the contraction of the pelvic floor muscles, and strengthens the entire pelvic floor muscle group. At the same time, it also improves the control muscle groups including the bladder and urethra. Electrical stimulation can also promote pelvic floor nerve conduction recovery and neural network reconstruction, improve local blood circulation, and restore the function of the nerves controlling the bladder as soon as possible.