Urine leakage is also called "urinary incontinence", which can be divided into three main categories: stress urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, and mixed urinary incontinence.
Two common factors leading to urine leakage are pregnancy and childbirth.
Followed by age, weight, living habits, type of work and genetic factors. Therefore, unmarried women may also have urine leakage problems.
In the process of pregnancy, the fetus grows and develops in the uterus for about 40 weeks. During this process, the fertilized egg gradually develops into a baby about 50 cm in height (a single birth), and the entire volume increases by about 1,000 times.
The increase in the volume of the uterus spatially squeezes the pelvic organs downward, leading to frequent urination during pregnancy, urgency, constipation, and even leakage of urine during pregnancy. In terms of weight, the growth of the fetus in October has an impact on the pelvic floor muscles. Cause greater fatigue damage.
During natural childbirth, the fetus is delivered through the soft birth canal, and the perineum will be strongly stretched, resulting in different degrees of perineum lacerations. Severe laceration of perineum will affect the anus and directly affect the pelvic floor defecation and urinary control and married life . (Some mothers who have given birth have episiotomy cuts to reduce the degree of tearing.)
Except for the two special periods of pregnancy and childbirth, if you have the following 5 conditions, please check and do pelvic floor rehabilitation as soon as possible!
1. Work with high pressure and high intensity
With the progress of the times, society is helping women move from family to a broader workplace. Professional women are also working hard in the workplace. Women must forget their age and gender if they want to be promoted and developed. In order to get opportunities in the workplace, many women work under pressure with a tense mind. The pressure brought by high-intensity work is reflected in the body, so that some women begin to "leak urine" before they are married and have children. The above is because of irregular work and rest and unbalanced diet, emotional and mental pressure can easily turn into pressure on the pelvic floor, causing pelvic floor pain and urine leakage.
2. Deficiency of qi and blood, chronic cough
The common female urine leakage problem is mostly "stress urinary incontinence", and chronic cough is one of the influencing factors. Insufficient qi and blood, weak organ movement, reduced control ability, and chronic cough and chronic injury are an invisible killer for the pelvic floor muscles.
3. Overweight or even obese
Weight extremes-- being too thin or too fat is not conducive to the health of the body. The BMI index is currently a commonly used international standard to measure the degree of body weight and health.
BMI = kg/m2 where kg is a person's weight in kilograms and m2 is their height in metres squared
The standard value for adults is that the BMI is between 18.5 and 23.9.
If you are thinner than 18.5, you may have poor muscle strength; BMI over 24 is overweight. The greater the value, the greater the gravity pressure on the pelvic floor muscles, and the more obvious the damage to the pelvic floor muscles.
4. Heavy manual workers
Heavy physical laborers are doing heavy physical work, which consumes a lot of physical energy.
For example, loading and unloading workers, porters, etc., as well as people working in harsh environments such as high temperature, high altitude, and high cold. People who are similarly overweight put pressure on the pelvic floor, and the external pressure that is overloaded can easily cause excessive muscle fatigue, and then cause pelvic floor muscle weakness and urine leakage.
5. Have had pelvic surgery
After pelvic surgery such as bladder and uterine prolapse and suspension surgery, some people will have postoperative urine leakage. This is because after the pelvic floor structure is remodeled, the muscle strength is not immediately improved and the postoperative sequelae appear, usually through the pelvic floor There will be obvious improvement after rehabilitation electrical stimulation and pelvic floor training.